• Ham Radio Glossary (A)

    From Daryl Stout@1:2320/33 to All on Wed Jun 7 00:03:36 2023
    From QRZ.Com, the Icom handout, and Part 97 Of The FCC Rules -
    Ham Radio Glossary - An overview of amateur radio terms.

    Alternating Current


    Amplitude Compandored Sideband modulation

    Adjacent-channel interface
    When a receiver is tuned to a specific frequency and interference is
    received on a nearby frequency.

    The next to highest class of U.S. Amateur Radio license. While these are
    no longer issued, Advanced class licensees may continue to use their privileges, and renew their licenses at the appopriate time. They have
    all amateur radio privileges, except for 250 kilohertz of spectrum that
    is reserved for Amateur Extra Class licensees.

    Audio Frequency

    Audio Frequency Cntrol
    Automatically compensate frequency drift.

    Audio Frequency Shift Keying

    "Automatic Gain Control"; a circuit in a radio which automatically adjusts
    the overall gain of the receiver, by optimizing receiver amplifier gain automatically.

    Linear index for measuring the disturbance level in the earth's magnetic
    field. The index is defined over a period of one day (Courtesy of IPS Radio
    and Space Services, Sydney, Australia).

    Automatic Limiting Control. Limits RF drive level to power amplifier
    during transmit to prevent distortion.

    "Amplitude Modulation"; slang often used is "Ancient Modulation"
    (courtesy of VE3FFK).

    Amateur Satellite. Satellites used for amateur radio communication.

    "Automatic Teleprinting Over Radio"; popular digital mode on HF. It is
    a form of RTTY (radio teletype).

    Amateur Extra
    The highest U.S. amateur radio license class granted by the FCC. It
    allows full amateur radio privileges on all bands designated to the
    amateur radio service by the FCC.

    Amateur operator
    A person named in an amateur operator/primary/primary license station
    grant on the ULS consolidated licensee database to be the control
    operator of an amateur station.

    Amateur radio services
    The amateur service, the amateur-satellite service and the radio
    amateur civil emergency service.

    Amateur-satellite service
    A radiocommunication service using stations on Earth satellites for the
    same purpose as those of the amateur service.

    Amateur service
    A radiocommunication service for the purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by amateurs,
    that is, duly authorized persons interested in radio technique solely
    with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.

    Amateur station
    A station in an amateur radio service consisting of the apparatus
    necessary for carrying on radiocommunications.

    Automatic Notch Filter

    Automatic Noise Limiter. Eliminates impulse and static noise peaks.


    Antenna Gain
    The ratio of the power required at the input of a loss-free reference
    antenna to the power supplied to the input of the given antenna to
    produce, in a given direction, the same field strength at the same
    distance (def. courtesy of Telecom Glossary 2000)

    Antenna Ground System
    Term used for an RF reference potential for some types of antennas.
    Most unbalanced or asymmetrical antennas need a good RF ground.

    Antenna Impedance
    The impedance of an antenna at its resonance. Although an antenna's
    impedenance fluctuates with the frequency of operation, an antenna
    should be 50 ohms for most transceivers.

    Antenna Matching
    When the antenna's impedance at resonance is at optimum performance for
    your transmitter output circuit.

    Antenna Party
    A long-standing tradition among hams where several gather to assist a
    fellow ham in mounting antennas and/or towers. Often accompanied by malt consumables and lies AFTER the tower and the antennas are up and working...well, the consumables anyway (thanks to WD5CTQ).

    Antenna Tuner
    Device used to match an antenna to the output impedance of a

    "Acquisition of Signal" from a satellite; occurs when the satellite
    becomes "visible" to the antenna as it comes up from the horizon.

    Automatic Power Control
    Current limiting of power amplifier to prevent damage to finals
    in high SWR conditions.

    "Automatic Position Reporting System". An amateur radio digital mode,
    developed by Bob Bruninga, WB4APR, to transmit position reports, weather reports, and messages between users. Used in conjuction with a GPS and
    a TNC.

    Amateur Radio Emergency Service

    "American Radio Relay League"; A U.S.-based organization which exists to support Amateur Radio. For more information, please visit
    http://www.arrl.org on the Internet, or write them at 225 Main Street, Newington, Connecticut 06111.

    American National Standard Code For Information Exchange. A seven unit
    digital code for the transmission of teleprinter data.

    Attenuator. A network designed to reduce the amplitude of a signal.

    "Amateur Television"; typically found on the 430 MHz and 1.2 GHz bands;
    see http://www.hampubs.com/atv.htm for more information (thanks to KG4LXA
    for the suggested link). Includes Fast Scan and Slow Scan modes.

    Used in repeater operation for telephone interconnect.

    Automatic control
    The use of devices and procedures for control of a station when it is transmitting so that compliance with the FCC Rules is achieved without
    the control operator being present at a control point.

    Auxiliary station
    An amateur station, other than in a message forwarding system, that is transmitting communications point-to-point within a system of cooperating amateur stations.

    Average power
    Power measured on a standard power meter.

    "American Wire Gauge"; a system of describing the diameter of wire by which
    the wire size increases as the gauge number decreases.
    --- SBBSecho 3.20-Win32
    * Origin: The Thunderbolt BBS - Little Rock, Arkansas (1:2320/33)