• August 12th - Blessed Pope Innocent XI

    From rich@1:15/0 to All on Fri Aug 11 10:04:15 2017
    From: rich <richarra@gmail.com>

    August 12th - Blessed Pope Innocent XI
    1676 - 1689 AD

    When the cardinals chose Benedetto Odescalchi to be Pope Innocent XI,
    they chose a man of piety, ability, and firmness who was to be one of
    the greatest seventeenth century pontiffs.

    Benedetto Odescalchi was born at Como on May 16, 1611. After studies
    at the local Jesuit school, Benedetto took law at Rome and Naples. His
    ability caused him to rise in the papal service. He loved his work at
    Rome so much that he even resigned his bishopric of Novara to work on
    at Rome.

    Innocent XI devoted himself to saving Austria from the Turks. He
    pleaded with the kings of Europe to help distressed Austria, but that
    Christian monarch, Louis XIV, actually encouraged the Turks! Poland's
    fighting King John Sobieski was of nobler stuff, but it took an
    incredible amount of patient diplomacy on the Pope's part to get help
    for the Emperor. Innocent's work was rewarded. Sobieski and his Poles,
    Lorraine and his Germans smashed the Turks as they were about to break
    through Vienna's walls. It was a great victory and a decisive one.
    After 1683 the Turks will be on the defensive.

    Innocent XI was strong yet prudent. He needed both virtues in his
    dealings with Louis XIV. The Sun Monarch was riding too high to brook opposition even from a pope. He had extended the regale in an unfair
    and illegal manner. The regale was an ancient privilege the French
    kings had of taking over the revenue and the right of appointments to
    benefices in vacant dioceses. Though this dangerous custom had been
    restricted far back in the Middle Ages, Louis was now extending it in
    an arbitrary manner. Innocent protested in three successive briefs,
    but Louis answered by having an assembly of subservient clergymen pass
    the famous Four Articles of 1682. This manifesto of Gallicanism was,
    to say the least, highly objectionable. Innocent was put out, and
    relations were badly strained. Nor were they eased by the petty and
    arrogant resistance of the French king to Innocent's attempt to
    confine ambassadors' right of asylum to reasonable limits. And the
    Pope was not impressed by the clumsy and highhanded treatment of
    French Protestants which culminated in the revocation of the Edict of
    Nantes. Innocent also was too prudent to encourage James II in his
    well-meant but untimely actions in favor of English Catholics.

    Although the pious Pope was for a time fooled by the Spanish
    pseudo-mystic Miguel de Molinos, he soon condemned quietism. He also
    condemned a number of laxist propositions. As an administrator
    Innocent XI was outstanding. By the practice of severe economy he soon
    managed to balance the papal budget, indeed even to produce a surplus,
    and on top of that to lower taxes! Rigidly conscientious, Innocent
    avoided nepotism.

    Innocent XI died on August 12, 1689. He was beatified by Pope Pius XII
    on October 7, 1956.

    See long Version at
    http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08021a.htm


    Saint Quote:
    A man who governs his passions is master of the world. We must either
    command them,
    or be enslaved by them. It is better to be a hammer than an anvil.
    --St. Dominic

    Bible Verse
    Now all has been heard;
    here is the conclusion of the matter:
    Fear God and keep his commandments,
    for this is the whole duty of man.
    For God will bring every deed into judgment,
    including every hidden thing,
    whether it is good or evil. (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14)


    <><><><>
    Prayer to Defeat the Work of Satan

    O Divine Eternal Father, in union with your Divine Son
    and the Holy Spirit, and through the Immaculate Heart of
    Mary, I beg You to destroy the Power of your greatest
    enemy--the evil spirits.

    Cast them into the deepest recesses of hell and chain
    them there forever! Take possession of your Kingdom
    which You have created and which is rightfully yours.

    Heavenly Father, give us the reign of the Sacred Heart
    of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

    I repeat this prayer out of pure love for You with every
    beat of my heart and with every breath I take. Amen
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