• August 28th - St. Augustine

    From rich@1:15/0 to All on Sun Aug 27 09:57:21 2017
    From: rich <richarra@gmail.com>

    August 28th - St. Augustine, Doctor of the Church

    Augustine was one of the most dominant theologians and Doctors of the
    Catholic Church. Most of the information about his life comes from his
    own writings, "The Confessions."

    Aurelius Augustine was the eldest son of St. Monica, a Christian and
    Patricius, a pagan official. He was born at Tagaste, Numidia, North
    Africa on November 13, 354. He had a younger brother, Navigius and a
    sister, Perpetua. Augustine was raised as a Christian and enrolled as
    a catechumen, but never baptized. He attended school in Tagaste and
    later Madaura. At the age of 16 he had to give up his schooling for
    lack of funds and spent the next year in frivolous activity and
    pleasure seeking.

    A benefactor by the name of Romanianus enabled him to continue his
    schooling and he went to Carthage where he studied philosophy and
    rhetoric. He lived the gay life of a student, going to the theater,
    parties, debates, etc. In 372 he had a son, Adeodatus, by a woman not
    his wife, whom he sent back to North Africa in 385.

    After reading "Hortensius" by Cicero, Augustine changed his focus from
    rhetoric to philosophy. it was at this time that he came to accept Manicheanism, a heresy which taught a metaphysical and religious
    dualism approach to good and evil. It wasn't until he met Faustus,
    alleged to be the "greatest" Manichean teacher, that Augustine became disillusioned and turned away from this heretical sect. In 383 he left
    Carthage for Rome where he again taught rhetoric.

    It was in Rome that he met St. Ambrose and where he had an experience
    which introduced him to the writings of St. Paul. It was also in Rome
    that he began to seriously study Neoplatonism. These three events
    would have a profound impact on his future. In the meantime his mother
    had followed him first to Carthage, then Rome and on to Milan. Monica
    never gave up praying and hoping for her son's conversion. She also
    attempted to arrange a suitable marriage for him.

    Monica's faith and persistence were finally rewarded when Augustine
    was baptized in 387. However his marriage plans were scuttled when
    Augustine elected to take a vow of celibacy. He proposed to return to
    Africa, but delayed about a year after his mother's death at Ostia,
    while they were enroute home. In 388 he sold his property dispensing
    all to the poor and he, his son and some friends retired to a monastic
    style of life. His son died shortly afterwards in 389.

    In 391, Augustine was ordained to the priesthood and while still
    living the monastic life began preaching. His eloquence led many to
    conversion and in 395 he was consecrated bishop. He would continue as
    bishop of Hippo for about thirty-five years and it was during this
    time that most of his writings were completed. By the spoken and
    written word he fought several heresies, particularly Manicheanism,
    Donatism and Pelagianism. He died on August 28, 430. Today over 200
    treatises, 300 letters and 400 sermons are still in existence. He is
    probably best known for his, "Confessions" and "City of God, as well
    as his "Treatise on the Trinity" and "De Doctrina Christiana."

    Augustine was a middle-class young man who was gifted with a brilliant
    mind. He pursued knowledge and pleasure wholeheartedly and when his
    eyes were opened to the presence of God, he pursued Him just as
    strongly. In following Christ with all his being, he has left us a
    legacy whose riches are still being discovered.

    See longer Version at: http://catholicharboroffaithandmorals.com/St.%20Augustine.html

    Saint Quote:
    Great art Thou, O Lord, and highly to be praised; great is Thy power,
    yea, and Thy wisdom is infinite. And man would praise Thee, because he
    is one of Thy creatures; yea, man, though he bears about with him his mortality, the proof of his sin, the proof that Thou, O God, dost
    resist the proud, yet would man praise Thee, because he is one of Thy creatures. Thou dost prompt us thereto, making it a joy to praise
    Thee; for Thou hast created us unto Thyself, and our heart finds no
    rest until it rests in Thee. Grant me, O Lord, to know and understand
    which comes first, to call upon Thee, or to praise Thee, and which
    comes first, to know Thee or to call upon Thee.
    --The Confessions of St. Augustine

    Bible Quote:
    Not for the world do I pray, but for those whom Thou, Father, hast
    given Me, because they are Thine. (John 17:9

    Excerpt from De Spiritu et littera, lviii St. Augustine

    But "God wills all men to be saved to come and to the knowledge of
    the truth (1 Timothy, ii, 4); not, however, so as to take away their
    will, for the good or bad use of which they are most justly judged.
    When this happens it is true that unbelievers act contrary to God's
    will, when thy do not believe in His Gospel; but that does not mean
    that they conquer God, but that they deprive themselves of the great
    good and involve themselves in evils as their reward, afterwards to
    experience in their punishment His power whose mercies they despised
    in His gifts."
    "Sinners do not hope for the pardon of the sins of which they
    repent: but they hope that, though they continue to commit sin, God
    will have mercy upon them: and thus they make the mercy of God serve
    as a motive for continuing to offend Him. This hope will make God
    hasten the execution of His vengeance: for surely a master will not
    defer the punishment of servants who offend him because he is good.
    God is good: I will do what I please!"
    --St. Augustine
    --- NewsGate v1.0 gamma 2
    # Origin: News Gate @ Net396 -Huntsville, AL - USA (1:396/4)
    * Origin: Region 15 HQ (1:15/0)